Optometry & Vision Sciences / Life Sciences / Health Sciences

This Page is dedicated to learning and support material for the students of Optometry & Vision Sciences / Life Sciences / Health Sciences. Notes / Ppts /ebooks /research papers / diagnostic procedures.

Introduction of Optometry.

Optometrists are required to complete a four-year degree program to earn their BS (Hons) optometry titles. The program includes classroom and clinical training in geometric, physical, physiological and ophthalmic optics, ocular anatomy, physiology, ocular diseases, basic and ocular pharmacology, neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, color, form, space, movement and vision perception, design and modification of the visual environment and vision screening. The Unique educational requirement for optometrists is the advanced study of optics, the science of light and vision, and extensive training in lens design, construction, application and fitting. Optometric education also includes a thorough study of basic anatomy and physiology, basic and ocular pharmacology, general pathology, basic biochemistry and epidemiology.

Optometrists work in public and private practices, multidisciplinary medical practices, hospitals, teaching institutions, research positions, community health centers and the ophthalmic industry. Optometrists can also build successful careers in the military, public health or government service.
According to the World Council of Optometry (WCO), Optometry is a healthcare profession that is autonomous, educated, and regulated (licensed/registered). Optometrists are the primary healthcare practitioners of the eye and visual system. They provide comprehensive eye and vision care globally. As the primary eye care providers, Optometrists can examine, diagnose, treat and manage diseases and disorders of the visual system, the eyes and associated structures as well as diagnose related systemic conditions. They examine the internal and external structure of the eyes to diagnose eye diseases like glaucoma, cataracts and retinal disorders; systemic diseases like hypertension and diabetes; and vision conditions like myopia, hypermetropia, astigmatism and presbyopia.